Despite the fact that there are almost 8 billion people in the world, there is still unexplored or even undiscovered area on the planet where almost no people have gone before. Every year scientists find new species of plants and animals there, and thorough study of them will take many more years.
1. The Mount Namuli
The plains of the East African Plateau are one of the most unexplored and romantic places in the world. Most of this territory can only be explored by professional climbers. Therefore, the nature of the region, for the most part, still remains pristine.
2. The Javari Valley (Vale do Javari)
This region, home to at least 14 Amazon tribes that haven’t been in contact with civilization, is one of the most isolated places in the world, also because the government has defined their lives.
About 2000 indigenous people are completely autonomous from the Brazilian government. The size of their habitat is comparable to Austria.
The tribal right to live in isolation is protected by the federal agency, and special forces oversee the borders, protecting them from intruders.
3. The Northern Patagonia
Unexplored rainforests are combined here with glaciers, fjords and hot springs. The Northern Patagonia is one of the most interesting landscapes in the world. Now this is the most sparsely populated area of Chile, getting here is very difficult, but it’s really worth it.
4. The Kamchatka Peninsula
The peninsula, located in the east of Russia, is one of the richest and still unexplored in the whole world.
More than three hundred volcanoes are functioning here, including the one that has been continuously erupting since 1996
The local flora and fauna are very diverse. Most brown bears live in Kamchatka, while the population is only about 400 thousand people.
5. The New Hebrides
The New Hebrides Condominium is located off the east coast of Australia. Until the end of 2013, scientists did not even look in this direction – in those territories there are already enough white spots. Finally, researchers from Great Britain and New Zealand sent underwater robots into this fissure at the very bottom of the ocean. Therefore, they discovered completely new species of deep-sea creatures that no one had ever seen before.
6. The Northern Forest
Many of the subtropical forests located on the steep slopes of the eastern part of the Himalayas have remained not onle unexplored, but virtually untouched by human (read – destructive) activities. Deep in the forests of the Kachin State there is the largest population of tigers in the world. There are also bears, red pandas and rare species of gibbons.
7. The Tsingy de Bemaraha
600 square miles of national park – this is what the Tsingy de Bemaraha is. You can wander here for months. The reserve is located on the western edge of Madagascar. A huge number of plant and animal species are endemic to this region.
Scientists believe that much is hidden in the Tsingy de Bemaraha, so far not discovered by anyone
Only the southern end of the park is open for free access, but most of the reserve is a conservation area for tourists.
8. The Namib
This name literally translates as “a place where there is nothing.” The desert is one of the oldest (age 80 million years old, dinosaurs still lived in those days!) And the driest in the world. Nevertheless, there is life here. In addition, rich deposits of tungsten and uranium ores have been explored in the desert.
9. The Star Mountains
The main attraction of this remote section of Papua New Guinea is the Hindenburg Wall. The limestone mountain rises above a kilometer (0,6 miles) and passes into a huge plateau, where high above the earth there are ecosystems untouched by time. Recent studies have uncovered a thousand species of animals and plants, nearly a hundred of which had been new to science.
Although the Vikings landed in Greenland back in the 1000th year, we are still discovering new parts of it, located deep in the northern region.
Six new islands, untouched by civilization, off the coast of Greenland, have been discovered relatively recently, in 1999
Most of the mainland is still uninhabited. About 80 percent of the island is covered in ice caps.
The Fiordland National Park, the largest in New Zealand, was formed by glaciers. The overwhelming desert is home to a unique variety of animals. Takahas were found here, which for centuries have been considered an extinct species of non-flying birds. Fiordland is one of the wildest territories of the Southern Hemisphere.
12. Northern Sentinel Island
This is the homeland of the Sentinel, whose number is estimated from 50 to 400 people. They reject all contacts with outsiders, moreover, the natives have attacked scientific groups several times. Consequently, the island still remains almost completely unknown.
13. Son Doong Cave
The cave is located in Central Vietnam, in the province of Quangbin. It is in the territory of Fongnya Kebang National Park, 500 kilometers (310 miles) south of Hanoi. Cavers have discovered here halls reaching 200 meters (650 feet) in height and 150 meters (500 feet) in width. Therefore, this fact made it possible to classify Son Doong Cave as the largest cave in the world.
The cave ceiling has collapsed in some places. The light enters the cave through these openings, due to which real jungle has grown in it. Therefore, there are monkeys, birds and insects.
14. Cape Melville
There is the wild territory of Cape Melville just fifteen hundred kilometers (thousand miles) from the largest Australian city, Brisbane. The study of this area is possible only from helicopters, which, of course, complicates the work of scientists. Still they have an opportunity to find constantly new species of animals.
15. The Republic of Sakha
A huge section of the territory (India has approximately the same size), located beyond the Arctic Circle. The climate here is one of the most extreme in the world. Most of the land is covered by permafrost, but even here many species of animals manage to survive, not to mention plants and local tribes. Apparently, people can survive anywhere.